It’s time for another Austin Sports Medicine 101 class!
In our last blog we talked about the benefits of a limited amount of dietary fat in our diets, particularly as an energy store for athletes. Today we’re discussing the three types of dietary fats, in what foods they’re found and how much (if any) our bodies need.
Types of Dietary Fat:
- Saturated fats: usually solid at room temperature, and is associated with high cholesterol and heart disease. Because of the health risks that saturated fats pose to the bodies, they should consist of no more than 10% of our daily caloric intake. These fats typically come from animal sources, and can be found in foods like meats, eggs yolks and dairy products (yogurts, cheeses, milk, and butter).
- Unsaturated fats: these fats are commonly found in plant sources. These differ from saturated fats by typically being liquid at room temperature. These fats actually have some great health benefits like lowering cholesterol and reducing heart disease risks. Unsaturated fats can be found in fish, avocados, almonds, soybeans, flaxseed, olive oil and canola oil.
- Trans fats: within recent years, trans fats have gotten a lot of attention and were added to nutrition labels. These fats are born when an unsaturated fat turns (or is turned by humans) into a solid. Just like saturated fats, intake of trans fats should be minimal due to their association with cholesterol and heart disease issues.
Come back for our next blog when we take a closer look at how fat provides energy.